Today marks a significant step in history toward gender equality: the 100th anniversary of the 19th amendment, granting US citizens the right to vote regardless of sex. Its passage came after decades of pressure from suffragists dedicated to women’s rights through the form of speeches, publications, petitions, marches, protests, and more. The women’s suffrage movement spanned over 70 years, with the 1848 Women’s Rights Convention in Seneca Falls, NY widely considered as the movement’s launch.
While the 19th amendment gave women nationwide the right to vote, many women of color were entirely excluded. Suffragists, like Ida B. Wells-Barnett, Mabel Ping-Hua Lee and Gertrude Simmons Bonnin (Zitkála-Šá), were integral to the suffrage movement and fought for equality while also facing segregation and discrimination within the movement. For many years after 1920, many women and men still could not vote — Indigenous Americans could not vote until they were granted citizenship in 1924, Chinese Americans not until the repeal of the Chinese Exclusion Act in 1943, and, until the Voting Rights Act of 1965, many Black and Latinx Americans were disenfranchised due to voter suppression including poll taxes, literacy tests, and discrimination laws.
The women’s suffrage movement … Read more and comment